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Cargado por Festi Stefania. Fecha en que fue cargado Nov 11, Compartir este documento Compartir o incrustar documentos Opciones para compartir Compartir en Facebook, abre una nueva ventana Facebook. Denunciar este documento. Descargar ahora. Carrusel Anterior Carrusel Siguiente. Architectural Standards Graphic Student Edition. Buscar dentro del documento. A significant problem con- tinues to exist, however, inthe communication of such knowledge 10 the wide variety of potential user, the design community.
Equally as diverse are the needs of the users. In their presentation, the authors strike an excellent balance, avoiding the pitalis of overwhelming the reader with noediess technical complexities and resisting the simple- minded approach which has so often in the past conveyed the mis- taken impression that a fow tables of summary values will provide the answers to specific design probloms.
The length ofthe fot is one sith ofthe height of the body; of the forearm, one fourth; an! And ust as the human body yilds a circular out- lino, 90 too a square gure may be found from I. In the mitn century John Gibson, land J. Bonomi were also to reconstruct the Viruvian figure Figure and later, more than years after Vitruvius wrote his ten books on architecture, Le Corbusler was to revive intorest in the Vivian nox with his ereation of Modular No. More recently. If a horizental line is drawn through the navel, three different Body measurements are produced, 2s ilustrates in Figure I One represents statue, or the distance from the top ofthe head tothe floor.
Another represents the distance from the navel to the floor, while the third represents the distance from the top of the head to the navel. The proportion of the three measurements conforms fairly closely to Euciid's extreme and mean ratio. Over tha last several doo- fades, however, concem for human dimensions and body size, a8 calical factors in the design process, has steadly increased.
Of greatest significance, however, was the basic realization and acceptance of the idea that consideration of human factors con- stituted an integral pat of the design process. Stoudt, Dr. Albert Damon, and Or. Most anthropomatric research, nevertnaless, is stil being done for the military.
Figures through ilustrate the basic an- thropomeric instruments usually employed in the measurement of body parts and thelr use. One recent publication con- tains almast one thousand measurements. Such data might be extremely useful to a designer of a helmet for a pres- surized spacesuit, but would be of litle value to an interior designer. B, D Male Data: U. Air Force Flying Personnel, ; Hertzberg. Itwas noted, for example, thatthe body size of Second World War inductees was greater than that of First World War inductees.
A recent study by the U. Al the very least the inclusion of certain projections in these tables can, to some degree, complete the spectrum of anthropometric data available tothe architect and interior designer. Table 5 includes such [rojections. The female measurements wore estimated from a Air Force Women's survey. Hertzberg, Emanuel, and M. Such information is vita othe proper design of juvenile fur- fiture and preschool, school, and other interior environments for use by children.
What mekes the need for such data evan more critical is that the element of safety as well as comfort is at stake. Although the measurements are structural rather than functional, they should be useful to the designer. For adstional anthropometric data concerning infants and children, a study prepared by Snyder, Spencer, Owings, and Schneider, all of the University of Michigan, for the Society of Automotive En gingers, entitled Anthropometry of U.
Infants and Chilaren, Is highly recommended. Malina, Peter V. HSM The deta avalladle fre scarce, and information speccaly rlatad to large samplings of the clan population practicaly nonexistent. Table 9 includes what informations valable concering ranges of joint motion relative to the neck, spine, shoulder, elbow, hip, knee, wrist, fingers, ankle, and foot. Most of the data, however, are based on a military population and ate concamned primary win the simple movement of single Jont and not withthe efect of one upon the other.
Proper alowarces for ching and shoes should be added o al data. Supplementing the more commonly measured arm an lo flexons, several kinds of fexion have been denied to meet special escrpive needs. Extension: straightening or increasing the angle between the parts of the body. Medial rotation: turing toward the midline of the body. Lateral rotation: turing away from the midine of the body. Inversion: liting the medial border of the foot to turn the sole ins ward.
In certain situa- tions, reliance on such sources may be perfectly appropriate. In those instances where so-called standards or rules of thumb may. One column lists the 24 body measurements. Since relatively tle re- search in this area has been undertaken, conficting recommenda.
The measurements indicated in the drawings on the folowing pages, therefore, reflect basic anthropometric requirements anc, within rea: sonable parameters, generally accepted notions of comfort.
The in- tent of the diagrams is to indicate some of the more basic cxtica dimensional requirements necessary to ensure a reasonable inter- face between the human body and the seat and to establish an itel- ligont point of departure for the design process. A ood deal of hats appcable al cha pes. Ono aange- mor isbaod onto premise tha! As a consequence af hese exiey nl economic factors, it becomes necessary in many cases to maxi mize the ulilzation of existing space to the greatest degree possibie Iinsome instances this involves innovative ways of percotving both the problem and he design solution.
The possblies ae almost endess andthe aewings one totowing pages explore enya few ofthe many cesgn stvatons at requre kroweoge of human dmoraions. Using the ato ponitealengh of he smaller person and adgng asl alowance G16 10 9m oF 10 0m, for acest constucten as wel a8.
Th dra Ingo suggests a amensionalvange ter verbal conversion. Given the cnoce boteoan hl heaton eccess andthe accor ter frase the authors otto reach 4nd recommend the sraler clear Thetbotom arawing suggest an over all alowanee fr oasy chi o ocln ng char seating, cag forest Tho butoccieg fongth of the ager person sho. The place eating zone repre. Saris the personal aciwiy space - Fecty in ron of Be india! The wh oft one shoud also scconmodsla the uma dimension and body poster fssumed suing te esing process Etquete eee sould be generous fenovgn alow fr be navn po.
Jecdon of he eons. Antvepomet- fay, the meximam body bres zone, along for obow preecton. Tre basket! Tho Bolom 2. The ea! In Suthstuatons, ts octenal hat ade. The awe gat te topo!
To enue ata person ean or Cate unaer ne bea out ting hs head. GF B66 cm, oF ect. Whorever pone Gr practeal. Ay sel located at greater datence shove "he Noor Shoue be used prima for storage that requires ony itequont access. Garancos roqired in a bichon. Athough mst Aachen curr havea hgh ot 35 , The our permetar IS etna bythe horizontal hur roach of to voor having to amar bouy size.
The cea Countr workzone of 18 by 20 i, ot by cm, consuls te re imedite work area drecty in fon! Tosbw or rope ve: Ingotte mtercr.
This posure is necesstatod however because most Basi heights ae nt about 3 nor Pera the mee hve problem concems the high Ofte aver above te oor, For oo long tis mension has boon ota lished i tho eld so-caled trade praston at 30 m, oF fm, are has Fe relaiorship To the Stwopematic requirements in: elved: Optimum work height for the hance ova counter or work beh st Uston etantsnes at about , Slated anctbr way, more thar 95 percent of veers ar re 2.
Given te. A spaco of ates! The Sat shouldbe. The evel cf pnsteston vind Somorsates eer a etch. The evel et sopestectonilved domonsates esl hale tech lageatcapabity necessary to apply te concept of justly to other ier ste avalabe. The basic adhropometic considerations of concer to the engrave not the niciace bawean fhe sealed or slandeg Gents and the Seated or stercing patent, but botwoen the dont andr he parapretsscra She aru suzpor acatesin to conta Wesiment oom Courts mute oper height fr comfortable sneer use uaed trom a seated poston, te Setanca fom the op of the ea!
A dimersional fange of , oF Most denis nave tit oan preter. Is one of saver basic work mira tat must De ncspo fated nto comprehensive ders trrk aoa, Whe the labora can Vary in se, depending on th cen Tete specialy, pm concern must be for Done tase porlorned ina snd ing postion.
Workcourer, wos, and overcounir storage height must be covey toviowed A workouniet egnt ct 96 mr
Human Dimension Interior Space by Julius Panero and Martin Zelnik Ergonomia e Antropometria
Human Dimension & Interior Space (by Julius Panero And Martin Zelnik) - Ergonomia E Antropometria