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Gilles Lipovetsky born September 24, in Millau is a French philosopher , writer and sociologist, professor at the University of Grenoble.

Lipovetsky was born in Millau in He studied philosophy at University of Grenoble, and participated in the student uprising in Paris to change the French educational model. However he criticizes the model that came from that as producing alienated individuals with fragile personalities prone to emotional disorder due to hedonism and immediate gratification.

He began his academic career teaching classes with his alma mater. With the success of his first book, he has become well known in many parts of the world and has become one of the most important French intellectuals of the latter 20th century. Lipovetsky began his philosophical career as a Marxist, similar to many others in the s, affiliated with the " Socialisme ou Barbarie " which demanded the world not to transform it but rather to "swallow it.

His has divided this time period into three periods: "Marxist self criticism" , post- modern and the hyper modern period from on. This began with his book, which declared the world to be post-modern, characterized by extreme individualism and the dissolution of politics based on political parties, turning its back on a strong sense of social duty on which democracy and socialism depend.

However, by the end of the s, he proposed that this term had become obsolete and unable to describe the world past He then proposed "hyper-modern," similar to post-modern but with a superlative and unstoppable meaning, focusing on new technologies, markets, and global culture. From his book which brought him to prominence, Lipovetsky has continued to write on topics such as modernity, globalization , consumerism , modern culture, markets, feminism, fashion, and media, but they have the common thread of individualism.

It also indicates the desire to be young forever and that only the here-and-now exists. Le bonheur paradoxal. Lipovetsky has made provocative statements on modern life and elements related to it, which have been often at odds with intellectual trends of the last decades. He has compared fashion with democracy as unstable, ephemeral and superficial, but states it as a positive and more workable then a more interdependent society.

He does not criticize the latter, which he says has had positives in rising living standards. He believes that consumption should be a means to an end, not an end in itself and believes that concerns such as ecology are not incompatible with capitalism. Lipovetsky does not have a well-defined style of presentation, varying among manners of speaking similar to that of psychologist or sociologist as well as philosopher often gesturing emphatically.

His methodology varies as well, and often deals in paradoxes. His approach to issues is almost nonexistent epistemologically. There is also strong influence in his writing from French literature although he does not write fiction.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Lipovetsky disambiguation. Guadalajara: El Informador. August 31, Retrieved August 20, Casa del Tiempo in Spanish. IV 4 pages 41— La Jornada in Spanish. Mexico City. March 28, Milenio in Spanish. Archived from the original on August 27, El Universal in Spanish.

August 14, Instituto Tecnologico Autonoma de Mexico. Archived from the original on December 20, Cronica Intercampus in Spanish. Mexico: Tec de Monterrey. Archived from the original on December 28, Tec de Monterrey. Archived from the original on August 20, Mexico City: Reforma.

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