North African hedgehogs are native to the northern regions of Africa from Morocco to Libya. They have also been introduced to nearby areas, including the southern, mountainous regions of Spain, France, and the islands off the coast of Africa, such as the Canary Islands and the Balearics. Introduced populations in France are now extinct. Hutterer, ; Nogales, et al. North African hedgehogs prefer arid climates, but are found in a broad range of habitats including dry Mediterranean scrub, grasslands, pastures, cultivated fields, semi-desert, and gardens. They are also found near human populations.
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Scientific Name Atelerix algirus. This species is difficult to record because of its nocturnal habits, therefore there are insufficient data available to be able to estimates population densities R. Hutterer pers. However, in general hedgehog populations are decreasing across Mediterranean N. Yigit pers. Read More. Threats include accidental mortality on roads roadkill. Populations may be limited by the availability of suitable habitat Palomo and Gisbert The species is sometimes taken from the wild to be kept as a pet Palomo and Gisbert It is also locally caught and eaten across the Mediterranean region.
In Morocco it is used locally for medical purposes and appears in local witchcraft markets R. Increasing numbers of roads and habitat loss are the most serious threats to the species, although it is unlikely they are major threats at present. It was formerly introduced to France, but is now extinct there. Its occurrence in continental Europe and on many of the islands within its range may be the result of introductions by man Lapini It typically occurs at altitudes of 0 to m, although it can reach altitudes of m in Morocco Lapini The exact dates of introductions into many of the It is most often found in arid areas Lapini , Palomo and Gisbert , and forages at night for arthropods, small vertebrates, carrion, and fungi.
Amori, G. Atelerix algirus. Population This species is difficult to record because of its nocturnal habits, therefore there are insufficient data available to be able to estimates population densities R.
Threats Threats include accidental mortality on roads roadkill. Map Legend. Habitat A.
North African hedgehog
Little is known about this hedgehog, even though the most common breed of domesticated hedgehogs is a result of crossing a four-toed hedgehog with a North African hedgehog. Because this species of hedgehog is native to Africa , it has been suggested that it was introduced by humans to the other countries where it is now found, including France , Spain and the Canary Islands. Of the four African hedgehog species, the North African hedgehog is the only one of these hedgehogs that occurs outside Africa. The North African hedgehog closely resembles the European hedgehog but there are several distinct differences between the two species. Its face is light in colour, usually appearing to be white, and the legs and head are brown. The underbelly of this animal can vary in colour and is often either brown or white.