The Seven Beauties , Zoroastrian. Arda Viraf is father of spiritual journey in the world. The antagonist of the book is called Arda Viraf whose name is open to debate. The same thing goes for the second part, too.
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Puech , Paris, , pp. The context of this journey holds particular interest. This account is chiefly taken up with a catalogue of the punishments of the damned in hell and of the rewards of the just in heaven. The list of offenses and punishments occupies some sixty percent of the entire work. It is much more developed and explicit than the enumeration of rewards, in particular in the area of sexual sins. After drinking mang and thus making an extra-terrestrial journey , his doubts are resolved.
Thus again the theme of doubt is implied in a piece of visionary literature. It assumed its definitive form in the 9thth centuries A.
This book has become comparatively well known to the Iranian public, thanks to its numerous versions in modern Persian often versified and with illustrations. It was early made available in Western languages by M.
Haug and E. A recent edition and translation is by Ph. Some influences, transmitted through Islam, may have been exerted on the latter, but these remain to be fully demonstrated. See also J.
The Book of Arda Viraf: A Dantesque Vision of Heaven and Hell
Charles F. Horne, Ph. He has sometimes been connected with a religious scholar who wrote commentaries on the Avesta during the Sasanian Empire. His book narrates a vision of heaven and hell which Viraf saw in an inspired dream or vision. Most of the brief book is given here, except where the details of hell become too bestial, too coarsely sordid for modern taste.
Book of Arda Viraf
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