Uniformed and civilian personnel must abide by its restrictions in an effort to secure popular support through compliance with Islamic cultural norms. What is its purpose? Has it served that purpose? Does it present opportunities for improvement?

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Uniformed and civilian personnel must abide by its restrictions in an effort to secure popular support through compliance with Islamic cultural norms. What is its purpose? Has it served that purpose? Does it present opportunities for improvement?

GO-1X's initial shortfall is version control. Existing differences between the individual services' general orders notwithstanding, GO-1X's title competes with rote knowledge imparted during recruit training.

Additionally, multiple GO-1X versions exist, issued at various times by overlapping authorities. Casual web searching produces examples dating from to , issued by at least six different commands. While their proscriptions are broadly similar, numerous variations and inconsistencies breed further confusion. For example, the st Airborne Division requires that any found currency be "collected, recorded, secured, and stored until it can be delivered to the appropriate authority". GO-1C forbids personnel from: any activities related to, up to and including the consumption of, alcohol or controlled substances; exchanging local currency at unofficial exchange rates; private firearm ownership; gambling; possessing or destroying national treasures; keeping pets or mascots; photographing or videotaping detainees, casualties, sensitive equipment, or security infrastructure; possessing pornography; confiscating private property from host nation citizens; religious proselytization; or violating host nation laws.

Restrictions on controlled substances, currency, gambling, national treasures, and religious matters are USCENTCOM-relevant, but globally applicable, and either are or should be covered by existing regulations.

Restrictions regarding firearms, pets, photography, videography, property, and host nation laws are universal. This arbitrary inclusion of existing regulations into GO-1X undermines those regulations' authority, and provides additional opportunities for confusion. Reconsideration of GO-1X requires an understanding of the complexities of sharia Islamic law. Westerners' perception of Islam is influenced by the Judeo-Christian tradition. Thus, many see the Quran as Islam's ultimate authority, commensurate with the Bible's role in Christianity.

Many overlook the Hadith and Sunna, which lack clear Christian corollaries. The Hadith narrative consists of statements attributed to the Prophet Mohammed, while the Sunna "direct path" derives from records of his lifestyle. Judeo-Christian corollaries include Bible editions that render Christ's words in red ink, the Gospels' description of Christ's lifestyle, Roman Catholicism's observance of church tradition, Judaism's consultation of the Talmud, and the writings of early church fathers like Augustine.

Together, the Quran, Hadith, and Sunna form the corpus of Islamic authority. Multiple versions of the Hadith and Sunna exist, and an individual collection's authority varies according to its age and proximity to the Prophet Mohammed. Early in Islamic history, the adoption of a given Hadith or Sunna collection led the ulema Islamic jurists to establish competing maddhabs schools of fiqh jurisprudence. Western-style pluralism is a recent novelty for Islamic audiences.

Thus, in the Islamic tradition, religious scholars are simultaneously legal scholars, somewhat akin to American Constitutional law experts. The challenges of applying aged legal precedents to modern cultural challenges are broadly similar. In Anglophone nations, distinct national bodies of precedential case law are founded upon English Common Law.

Thus, "sharia" varies throughout the Islamic community ummah , rather than being monolithic. Fiqh influences many aspects of a Muslim's daily life. Not surprisingly, entire books have been written on this subject. Unfortunately, the sweeping proscriptions outlined in GO-1X's various versions fail to take these intricacies into account. While many inconsistencies exist, for brevity's sake, three will be examined in detail: dietary restrictions, prohibitions against pets, and personal grooming.

O ye who believe! Strong drink and games of chance and idols and divining arrows are only an infamy of Satan's handiwork. Leave it aside in order that ye may succeed. Some Islamic nations ban alcohol outright, while others restrict its sale to Muslims, and others are more permissive still. In most Islamic nations, expatriates typically consume more alcohol than locals.

These cultural mores inform GO-1X's directive against alcohol. However, despite American enforcement, coalition partners eschew these bans. And officially, I didn't. That asinine rule only applied to U. We couldn't even buy a beer. Every other member of the coalition, be they Polish or whatever, could.

Fortunately, the GROM liked to share. They would also go to the duty-free shop at Baghdad airport and buy beer or whiskey or whatever the Americans working with them wanted. In Afghanistan, German forces notably received a daily beer allowance. They not only served wine at dinner, they sometimes served it at lunch as well. The regular French Joes could have all the alcohol they wanted in their tents. American authorities also forbid alcohol while ignoring other dietary restrictions.

Sharia categorizes all food as halal permissible or haram forbidden. Halal observance is often strict: as journalist Michael Yon observed in one Afghan village, potential food is haram unless specifically authorized by the Prophet Mohammed. But he who is driven by necessity, neither craving nor transgressing, it is no sin for him.

Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. Several madhhabs prohibit shellfish consumption; others exempt shrimp and prawns. However, since , multiple MRE menus include pork, and at least one - Jambalaya - includes both pork and shellfish. In Afghanistan and Iraq, dining facilities held regular steak and lobster nights. American troops strive to avoid exposing Muslims to haram foods - for example, by sending halal MREs to Syrian refugees in Jordan[16], or dropping halal rations to Afghans early in Operation Enduring Freedom.

The inconsistency is obvious. Even the alcohol ban is subject to loopholes:. Forces-Afghanistan, within the Combined Joint Operations Area Afghanistan CJOA , has non-delegable authority to grant written, event-specific, waivers to paragraph 2 a 1 , for personnel subject to this Order. NATO's incorrectly rendered name notwithstanding, such caveats constitute further inconsistencies. One former soldier speaking on condition of anonymity notes that, while deployed to Iraq, his unit was authorized two beers apiece on Super Bowl Sunday, only to witness the unconsumed remainder being destroyed by TCN catering staff - likely at significant taxpayer expense.

Terminal Lance cartoonist Maximillian Uriarte describes a similar incident:. As soon as the day came, Marines were going to the extent of taking aspirin in anticipation for the alcohol so it would have a stronger effect on them. The message is clear: alcohol consumption is an egregious affront to Islamic values, to be prevented under threat of disciplinary action, unless it takes place during the Marine Corps' birthday or the Super Bowl.

By contrast, while embedded with Omani troops during the 's Dhofar Rebellion, British forces were allowed alcohol. There was an acknowledged risk of overindulgence in alcohol. This did happen from time to time, and one was discouraged from taking booze back to one's room and drinking on one's own. Like present-day Afghans, Dhofaris were conservative Muslims living in austere conditions, and initially distrustful of counterinsurgent forces.

The Dhofar campaign is universally recognized as an overwhelming success - despite the alcohol consumed by British troops. Another example is GO-1X's ban on adopting pets. While counterintuitive to Westerners, sharia looks unfavorably upon dogs. One authoritative hadith reports:. I said: O Abu Dharr, what feature is there in a black dog which distinguish it from the red dog and the yellow dog?

He said: O, son of my brother, I asked the Messenger of Allah may peace be upon him as you are asking me, and he said: The black dog is a devil. Two ahadith relate stories of God granting forgiveness to those who offered water to thirsty dogs. Sharia offers provisions for working dogs, though sources disagree whether dogs may be sold.

Wilfred Thesiger, writing of his travels in 's Arabia, notes:. My companions said disgustedly that he was not worth his keep. They had expected great things of him. But they played with him, and allowed him to lie on their blankets and drink from our dishes, for, although dogs are unclean to Muslims, the Bedu do not count a saluki as a dog.

This one has slept without bothering a soul. There is something of a caste system for dogs in Afghanistan. Normal dogs often are treated badly, while the fighting and hunting dogs are treated with respect. Conversely, Westerners love dogs, and utilize military working dogs MWDs in spite of Islamic sensibilities.

MWDs exceed tentative Islamic provisions for dogs' use as shepherds, guards, or for hunting, and cannot be fully reconciled with sharia or host nation cultural sensitivities.

Given that the Muslim culture views dogs as filthy and unclean, it is very difficult to find Iraqis [who] will even work near them. Sometimes we can find a couple of Christian police cadets [who] don't have a problem with dogs.

The Iraqis treat dogs with disdain and often kick and throw rocks at them Most Iraqi people won't even look at a dog. I think our dogs don't much care for them either. Their hatred of dogs becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy.

The dogs probably sense the hostility and are reacting in kind. An insurgent suicide bomber takes one look at me and Blek, and he knows that if he detonates his explosives the dog remains will be all over him.

I've heard that they believe that if they die spattered with dog parts, they will be considered unclean and unacceptable to enter heaven. Aside from MWDs, American allies sometimes keep battlefield pets. He highlighted two adopted local dogs' contribution to unit morale. Considering Russia's epidemiological challenges in Afghanistan[41] and Chechnya[42], the Lithuanians exhibited uncommon sense borne from experience.

However, American forces prohibit such practices.


You're gonna get caught ...General Order 1B is in full effect!

Command Priorities. Skip to main content Press Enter. Listen to your local officials. Their mission is to support and deploy the F Lightning II and to continue the th Air Expeditionary Wing's capabilities of delivering combat airpower, defending the region, and developing Hi-Res Photo Gallery. Marine Corps Gen. Kenneth F.


USAFCENT commander updates General Order Number 1B




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