Because the death and resurrection of Jesus are central to Christian faith, they have been the subjects of theological reflection from the beginning. But in the classic view i. He was also the author of Christus Victor: An Historical Study of the Three Main Types of the Idea of Atonement , a book that has had considerable influence in the study of theology on the issue of the atonement. The cross is understood not as a work of the love or grace of God but rather of the powers of evil that God overcomes. God will triumph. In order to answer that question, it will be helpful to keep in mind two primary questions: 1 What is the plight of humankind?
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Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Gustaf Aulen's classic work, 'Christus Victor', has long been a standard text on the atonement. Aulen applies history of ideas' methodology to historical theology in tracing the development of three views of the atonement. According to Aulen, however, there is another type of atonement doctrine in which Christ overcomes the hostile powers that hold humanity in subjection, at the same time that God in Christ reconciles the world to Himself.
This view he calls the classic idea of the atonement. Because of its predominance in the New Testament, in patristic writings, and in the theology of Luther, Aulen holds that the classic type may be called the distinctively Christian idea of the atonement. Read more Read less. No customer reviews. How does Amazon calculate star ratings? The machine learned model takes into account factors including: the age of a review, helpfulness votes by customers and whether the reviews are from verified purchases.
Review this product Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Most helpful customer reviews on Amazon. Verified Purchase. A seminal and ground-breaking book. Totally refutes the typical Evangelical view of Christ's death with its language about Christ's death "paying a penalty. The author documents that Luther held to the view of the early church fathers, not Anselm. It is unfortunate that Luther's important contribution on justification by faith has overshadowed his views on other important subjects, such as this one.
According to Aulen, the early fathers and Luther both held that Christ's death was not a "payment" at all, but a total victory over three "tyrants" as Luther called them that hold mankind in subjection: sin, death, and the devil. In Luke Jesus, at the outset of his public ministry, declares his purpose for coming - to free prisoners from prison, not make "payment.
The "Classical View" of the atonement sees Jesus not so much as a "ransom payment" but as the Ransom-er, the Enactor of Liberation, the One who sets captives free. He is no victim, but a complete victor. Get this book, and it will change your views profoundly on the subject.
Can't say enough good about this important work. I read this book for one reason--and that is that CS Lewis considered it to be one of his favorite books. In fact, were it not for my deep knowledge of Lewis, I would not even be aware of it. Lewis was no Calvinist. Neither was his theological mentor, George MacDonald. And neither am I. And, so do I. But, then, as the author Gustav Aulen points out, even Martin Luther, the father of the Reformation, also rejected the Latin, or "Substitution" theory.
Luther advocated the "Classic" or "Ransom" theory. Reformed Protestants seem unaware of this important fact. Aulen's book is well researched, well-written, thorough and convincing.
My only quibble is that he gives more than I needed. Jeremy Myers - Writing at RedeemingGod. I wanted to learn more about this view, so I bought and read this book. At first, I was quite disappointed with what I read. It was not at all what I wanted or expected. Aulen wrote correctly when, near the beginning of his second chapter when he explains how he will proceed, wrote, "This method of procedure may seem surprising But I am glad I persevered.
By appearances, the book is little more than a long, historical survey of the doctrine of the atonement, showing how various views of the atonement have been developed over time and in response to various events within the church and the surrounding culture. This is Aulen's "surprising" approach. For myself, I did not want an historical survey of the doctrine of the atonement, but an explanation and defense of the Christus Victor view. But Aulen provided the second by doing the first.
Frankly, this caused me to frequently get frustrated with his approach. But I ended up getting a decent explanation of the view and a history lesson to boot.
As it turns out, the history lesson was important, for it shows why the Christus Victor view fell out of favor among church theologians for nearly years, but is now beginning to make a bit of a comeback. And I, for one, say this comeback is long past due. I highly recommend this if you are seeking to understand the Christus Victor perspective of Christ's atonement. Interestingly, this is the perspective of Martin Luther, as well as the primary view of the church until Anselm, before AD.
There are certainly some differences between the Substitution and Penal Substitution perspective, but I did not find the Christus Victor perspective as radically different as I had wrongly understood it before.
I am inclined to think that if the Christus Victor perspective were understood as presented by Aulen in this book, many would go with this understanding, and at the very least, have a far better appreciation of this understanding of the atonement. I will be reading this book a second time, as it was making more sense by the end, and I am sure I will pick up more at the start by reading again.
At times I thought some points were belabored, and maybe they were, but I also expect I was not picking up on some nuances at the time as well. Go to Amazon. Back to top. Get to Know Us. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web. DPReview Digital Photography.
Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Gustaf Aulen's classic work, 'Christus Victor', has long been a standard text on the atonement. Aulen applies history of ideas' methodology to historical theology in tracing the development of three views of the atonement.
Christus Victor: The Salvation of God and the Cross of Christ
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