Soil moisture-based irrigation is a tool to reduce the demand for irrigation water by giving the user insight into the current soil moisture condition. There is an increasing demand for water to irrigate agricultural crops, as well as for irrigating pastures, arboriculture, gardens, parks, sports fields and golf courses, especially in warm, dry periods. At the same time the demand increases in other sectors, such as for maintaining water levels, cooling water, cold drinks and swimming pools. In addition, the discharge of the large rivers is low which also requires more fresh water in order to combat salinity and for maintaining sufficient water-depth for navigation. This scarcity of water is already a fact during dry summers and the frequency of this occurring will increase due to climate change. It has been shown that more water is used for agricultural irrigation when the user does not have any insight into the actual moisture condition of the soil.

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Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Boomgaard and C. The multi-layer safety approach focuses on flood risk reduction through three types of measures: 1 prevention through dikes, levees and dams , 2 a flood resilient spatial planning and 3 an adequate crisis management. Whereas the official Dutch policy propagates the multi-level safety approach, the current Dutch water safety policy is still focused on prevention only layer 1.

The integration with the two other layers i. View PDF. Save to Library. Create Alert. Launch Research Feed. Share This Paper. Figures and Tables from this paper. Figures and Tables. Citations Publications citing this paper. Cross-sector collaboration within Dutch flood risk governance: historical analysis of external triggers Emma Avoyan , Sander Meijerink Economics Governance of Experimentation: A framework for evaluating transition experiments for urban flood risk management Laura van Buggenum Computer Science References Publications referenced by this paper.

Cultuurtechnisch vademecum. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids. CultuurtechnischeVereniging Utrecht, Cultuurtechnische Why are decisions in flood disaster management so poorly supported by information from flood models? Leskens , M. Brugnach , Arjen Y. Hoekstra , W. Schuurmans Computer Science Environ. Stelling Mathematics Natural Hazards Review.

Hoes , F. Nelen Nature Geoscience Quadtree flood simulations with sub-grid digital elevation models G. Stelling Geography Time needed to evacuate the Netherlands in the event of large-scale flooding: strategies and consequences. How the Dutch plan to stay dry over the next century Marcel J. Stive , Louise O. Fresco , Pavel Kabat , Bart W.

Parmet , C. Veerman Geography Dutch coasts in transition Pavel Kabat , Louise O. Katsman Geology Tunstall , Dennis J. Parker , Hazel P. Faulkner , Joe Howe Economics Hall , Ic Meadowcroft , P.

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A multi-layer flood safety approach towards resilient cities


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