Faber Kaiser, Andreas Overview. Publication Timeline. Most widely held works by Andreas Faber Kaiser. Jesus died in Kashmir : Jesus, Moses and the ten lost tribes of Israel by Andreas Faber Kaiser Book 30 editions published between and in 6 languages and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide. El libro de Henoch Book 3 editions published between and in Spanish and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide.
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The Ahmadiyya movement interpret the events of Jesus in light of a narrative of survival. Jesus is understood to have survived the crucifixion based on the account of the gospels, see Swoon Hypothesis Hadith and the Quran having alluded to his survival.
Having delivered his message to the Israelites in Judea , Jesus is understood to have emigrated eastward to escape persecution from Judea and to have further spread his message to the Lost Tribes of Israel. The Ahmadiyya movement portray that Jesus was a human mortal man and a prophet of God, born to the virgin Mary. Jesus is thought to have died a natural death as have all prophets. Jesus lived to old age and later died in Srinagar , Kashmir and his tomb is presently located at the Roza Bal shrine.
The movement regard the Turin Shroud as authentic. Although sharing many similarities with contemporary Islamic views of Jesus , the Ahmadiyya teachings are distinct from the beliefs held by mainstream Islamic scholars who view that Jesus was raised up to Heaven and remains alive there. According to Ahmadiyya belief, a literal interpretation of Jesus' miracles in the Quran such as creating birds and bringing back the dead to life is inconsistent with the Quran and attributes a semi-divine status to Jesus.
This understanding is replaced with a hermeneutic interpretation of the Quranic verses on account of these miracles. Ahmadi scholars regard the contemporary Islamic interpretations related to the second coming of Jesus see Ahmadi prophetology are inaccurate.
The belief that Jesus' of Nazareth himself will bodily return in the flesh from Heaven is deemed to be unrealistic and impossible. The expected return of an Israelite prophet, after Muhammad also contradicts the finality of the Prophet Muhammed and thus of the Islamic dispensation. Both the Quran and Hadith contain an absence of the use of terms referring to a return or second coming regarding Jesus's second advent during the end times.
In other words, the prophecy of the latter day messiah accredits to a different person that will be raised in the same spirit and prowess of the prophet Jesus, sent earlier.
The Hadith prophecies of Jesus are understood in Ahmadiyya views to be interchangeably linked with the prophecies of the coming of the Mahdi. Both the terms, Jesus Son of Mary and Mahdi as used in Islamic Hadith and eschatological literature , designate two titles for the same person. Walter, like later scholars, identified the Islamic version of the Barlaam and Josaphat story as the primary of Ahmad's evidence despite the fact that the four chapters of his book are arranged around evidence from the Gospels , the Quran and hadith , medical literature and historical records — respectively.
In his writings Mirza Ghulam Ahmad elaborated that the Roza Bal tomb in Srinagar , that is said by locals in the Srinagar region to contain the grave of a holy Jewish saint known as Yuz Asaf , is the tomb of Jesus of Nazareth. The teaching was further researched by Ahmadi missionaries. Kamal ud-Din and Khwaja Nazir Ahmad , who added to Notovitch's theory of his first earlier visit.
Ahmadis have published extensively on the topic of Jesus' natural death expanding upon Ghulam Ahmad's work in light of newer archeological discoveries and historical research. This was attended by a number of scholars and academics who had presented papers discussing the circumstances surrounding the crucifixion of Jesus, in which the Ahmadiyya viewpoint regarding the death of Jesus was presented. The Ahmadiyya movement advocates the notion of Jesus' survival of crucifixion through a mixture of Biblical and Quranic analysis.
After surviving crucifixion, Jesus fled to Galilee. Jesus along with several disciples later left Palestine to further preach the Gospel to the Lost Tribes of Israel [John ] that had scattered as far as Afghanistan and northern India. Ahmadiyyas state that there are at least 30 verses of the Quran that suggest that Jesus did not ascend to Heaven but instead died a natural death on Earth.
On the contrary, Allah raised him to Himself. And Allah is Mighty, Wise. As the Quran speaks of God being Omnipresent in the Earth and in the hearts of mankind, God's existence is not to be misconstrued as being confined to the Heavens alone, making any bodily movement towards God impossible. In other words, Jesus' spiritual rank and status was raised to come closer to God as opposed to dying the accursed death which his adversaries had wished for. To further support the view of Jesus having died a mortal death, Ahmadis use the following verse in the Quran And his mother was a truthful woman.
They both used to eat food. See how We explain the Signs for their good, and see how they are turned away. In the preceding verse, Jesus is compared to the previous Messengers — all of whom had died a natural death and none of whom had ascended bodily to Heaven. Verily, all Messengers have passed away before him. If then he die or be slain, will you turn back on your heels? So ask the people of the Reminder, if you know not. And We did not give them bodies that ate no food, nor were they to live for ever.
To illustrate the death of Jesus , Ahmadiyya scholars use references to various Islamic Hadith. For example,. If Jesus and Moses had been alive, they would have had no choice but to follow me. Jesus son of Mary lived for years, and I see myself as only entering upon the beginning of the sixties.
As the Prophet Muhammad had lived and died after some 60 years, Jesus must also have died. In other words, as Muhammad had passed away, this states that there likewise was a death of Jesus. Thus, because Islam believes the dead cannot dwell amongst the living, it can only indicate that Jesus must also be dead.
The Hadith and the Bible indicate that Jesus will return during the latter days. Islamic Hadith commonly depicts that Jesus, upon his second coming, would be an "Ummati" Muslim and a follower of Muhammad and that he would revive the truth of Islam rather than fostering a new religion.
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad professed that the prophecy in traditional religious texts were greatly misunderstood to interpret that Jesus of Nazareth himself would return. Ahmadis consider that the founder of the movement , in both his teachings and character as well as his situation and struggles, was likewise a circumstantial representation of that of Jesus's struggles. Henceforth, Ahmadis believe this prediction — the Second Coming — was fulfilled by Ahmad and continued by his movement.
Adherents of the Ahmadiyya movement assert that the expected arrival of a latter day Messiah is represented across all major faiths. The prophecy of the messiah historically diverged into several theories and distinct interpretations which filtered across through the world's religious movements. The original Messianic prophecy nonetheless, only referred to a single Messiah. As such, Ahmadis declare that the Messiah for all major world faiths and mankind has been unified by the advent of a single Promised Messiah Mirza Ghulam Ahmad.
Ahmadi's believe that God will cause all world faiths to gradually fade away and gravitate towards the Ahmadiyya faith; that such a process will follow a correlative pattern of circumstances and take a similar amount of time as what it took for Christianity to rise to dominance e.
The Encyclopedia of Islam states that the post-crucifixion journey of Jesus towards the East and his natural death as an aspect of Ahmadi belief is one of three primary tenets that distinguish Ahmadi teachings from general Islamic ones, and that it has provoked a fatwa against the movement.
The claim that Mirza Ghulam was a prophet forms a point of contention with mainstream Islam, as it is considered a violation of the Quranic and Hadith teachings of Muhammad.
In particular, contemporary Islamic scholars view the Ahmadiyya belief as a contradiction with the verse in the Quran, Chapter 33 The Combined Forces , verse And ever is Allah, of all things, Knowing.
In his Farewell Sermon , delivered just prior to his death, the Prophet Muhammad warned his followers and all mankind with the following message:. No Prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore O People! I leave behind me two things, the Qur'an and the Sunnah and if you follow these you will never go astray.
The farewell sermon had indicated only that no prophet would come immediately after the Prophet Muhammad had died. The movement consider the literal interpretation of the term "finality" that is zealously constrained by the mainstream Islamic view, completely paradoxes their own views of the Hadith concerning the Second advent of Jesus. In the manner that the Islamic mainstream views that Jesus himself is expected to physically return in the latter days from Heaven, it becomes implausible to also presume that it is absolutely impossible for any prophet to come after the Prophet Muhammed.
Contemporary Muslim scholars argue that no prophet can come after Muhammed based upon abstractions from the hadith and this is the principal reason for rejecting and advocating persecution against the movement. Ahmadi scholars use Hadith and the Quranic sources that indicate these strictly rigid ideologies are a fallacy of misplaced concreteness. The most rightful of the mosque that may be visited and for which the vigours of the journey may be borne are the Masjid Haram and my mosque; and a Salah in my mosque is more excellent than a salah in any other mosque by one thousand times, except the Masjid Haram.
This hadith implicates the rhetoric of Muhammad being the "Last" in the absolute sense. The Ahmadiyya understanding of the term Seal of Prophets with reference to Muhammad, establishes that a prophet cannot come after Muhammad from outside the Islamic dispensation. In other words, one whose prophethood which is independent of Muhammad cannot develop a new faith. Contemporary Muslims interpret from the Hadith the notion of Jesus's actual physical return in person after the advent of Muhammad.
According to the Quran, Jesus' revelation was addressed for the Israelites. Thus Ahmadis regard that, as Ghulam Ahmad was only a follower and reviver of the original Islamic faith, his claim of being a subordinate prophet in the likeness of Jesus being a subordinate prophet does not in any way violate the Seal of Prophets Muhammed.
Ahmadi scholars state that when Muhammad died, the Sahaba were grieved. Umar , angered and upset, took out a sword, and said that he would kill anyone who said Muhammad is dead. At this instance Abu Bakar quoted:. And whoever turns back upon his heels, he will by no means do harm to Allah in the least and Allah will reward the grateful.
The Ahmadiyya movement believe that no companion ever stated Jesus is alive in heaven. Nor that he would come physically in Second Coming. As such according to the Quranic verses, Jesus could only have died a natural death and not have died on the Cross.
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad regarded the prophecies and concepts in Hadith and Bible concerning his advent in an entirely metaphorical light. The second special aspect of the prophecy, which relates to the advent of the Promised Messiah, is that he will break the cross, slaughter the swine and kill the one-eyed Antichrist. Every disbeliever who is touched by his breath will die instantly.
The spiritual interpretation of this special aspect is that the Promised Messiah will crush under his feet all the glory of the religion of the cross, that he will destroy with the weapon of conclusive arguments those who are afflicted with shamelessness like swine, and who devour filth like pigs, and that he will wipe out with the sword of clear proofs the opposition of those who possess only the eye of the world and are bereft of the eye of the faith in place of which they have only an unsightly taint.
Not only such one-eyed ones, but also every disbeliever who views Islam with contempt will suffer spiritual extinction through the glorious breath of Messianic reasoning. In short all these signs are metaphoric, the significance of which has been fully revealed to me. Some may not appreciate it at this time but after waiting for sometime, and despairing altogether of the hopes that they now entertain, all of them will accept it.
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad elaborated on the depictions of Antichrist as prophecised in the Bible and the Hadith concerning the emergence of the Dajjal. These are interpreted in Ahmadiyya teachings, in metaphorical terms - to denote a group of nations centred upon falsehood. The defeat of the Dajjal, was by force of reason and argument and by the warding off of its mischief through the ideologies and teachings of the Messiah, rather than by way of any physical warfare;   with the Dajjal's power and influence gradually disintegrating and ultimately allowing for the recognition and worship of God along Islamic ideals to prevail throughout the world.
The Islamic hadith describe that Jesus would, upon his second coming, "Break the Cross". Ahmadis interpret this to mean that he will "make plain the error of the creed of the cross".
Ghulam Ahmad's teachings of Jesus, being a mortal man who survived crucifixion and died a natural death upon earth, is considered as a testimony of the prophecy being fulfilled. Ahmadis believe the followers of Christianity will gradually come to accept the same teaching and this will repeal the central doctrines of the divinity of Jesus, Atonement and Resurrection. In turn, the traditional Christian reverence for the cross and doctrine of the immortality of Jesus will become untenable.
Jesus lebte und starb in Kaschmir: Jesu Grab in Srinagar?
Andreas Faber-Kaiser (1944-1994), arch-fi author
Jesus in Ahmadiyya Islam
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