L'azione si svolge in tre giorni. Il giorno seguente parte con uno dei caprai e lungo la strada incontrano una comitiva di montanari che vanno verso un villaggio nei dintorni, dove si stanno per celebrare le nozze di uno dei pastori. Questo montanaro lo invita ad assistere alle nozze, e la stessa notte dormono al villaggio. Per quanto riguarda i temi, recenti studiosi hanno illuminato il presunto vuoto di contenuto dell'opera gongorina.
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Given the length, I expected a narrative poem, however there is no story to be found here. Instead, the reader finds an absolute plethora of sensuous description as a shipwreck survivor wanders about beautiful countryside. The natural world and romantic love are the main focus of dizzying metaphors that meld classical mythology with nature.
Gongora loves crystals and nymphs from Greek myth, both of which recur constantly. Although I often had little idea what he was talking about, I enjoyed the overwhelming sumptuousness of everything. A favourite passage: The first flies, frosting the waves; the second, in an indolent motion meets the sea, whose white-coloured foam makes of its dark slender prow the bright resplendent throat of an august Coya, empress of Peru, to whom the Southern Sea rendered each hour one hundred strands of pearls.
The pleasure was in the imagery rather than the assonance, I think. I agree with her that rhyme is probably easier to achieve in Spanish than English in general. Actually, this poem made me wish I could read Spanish, not for the first time. Mapping words to their translations was rather fun, although I didn't attempt it systematically.
Sadly, the only Spanish I know is some swearing. Although I thought the translation was beautifully done, I sometimes found fault with the explanatory notes. Most are very helpful, as it often not remotely obvious what Gongora is referring to. Some seemed unnecessary - Sisyphus and Bacchus are pretty well known, right?
Lustrum was new to me, for instance; apparently it means a period of five years. The inclusion of obscure words fitted well with the density of allusions to minor mythical figures, though, and my knowledge of mythology has definitely been enhanced. Now I know who Pomona is and where the cornucopia came from. Shelves: own. A reader's visualization of Gongora's poetry should be breathtaking.
A prerequisite is a thorough education in Greek mythology, for the poet repeatedly alludes to that substantial body of work.
If you have this knowledge, then you will be amazed that Gongora is so little known outside of Spain. He has inherited the vestments of the ancient Greek poets. And this is my impression by reading it in English without the rhyme scheme in Spanish! Truly a brilliant poet. His Solitudes stands as his artistic will and testament. This is definitely the translation to read; I tried Wilson's first, and it was impossible.
I subsequently compared the present translation with another recent one, by John Dent-Young, and that one seemed too disconnected from the original text, more a reconstruction than a translation. It is there to be evoked for its own sake in the most rarefied, figurative, sensuous language because language itself, not its emotive referent or expressive content, is the intrinsic aesthetic component of poetry.
Gongora belongs in the great pantheon of classic poets. Mythology sings throughout nearly ever stanza. He also belongs in every age, as elements can be found in nearly each style. It is difficult stuff, but beautiful.
My favorite verses are from the First Solitude: Wonder is mute, it speaks by being silent, and, blind, it follows a river, that-shining child of those precipices-- in convoluted discourse, and digressive, benevolent it tyrannizes the fields; with its banks ornamented by fruit trees, Copia herself desires it for her horn -if the creature of Amalthea had been armed with crystal transparency-; setting edifices in its silver, crowning itself with walls, it embraces, imprisons islands, from the high grotto where it first breaks free to the opaque jasper waters deep where pride is lost and memory hides away.
That the syntactic experimentation — marked by flagrant and sometimes illegal hyperbaton and a flair for Latinate expression — read extreme for the seventeenth century, though, is the moral of the backlash against the text, in part.
Shelves: favorites. I think the first Solitude might be my favorite epic poem. It is hypnotic, adventurous, peaceful, and sublime. The language is haunting and elusive, but never distant. At its most abstract, it remains centered on the most concrete human experiences: love, life, adventure, mystery, and communal bonding.
It is about a shipwrecked outcast who is welcomed home in a place that is very far from home. Despite its very Spanish and Latin roots, I found myself thinking of the old Anglo-Saxon epics of wand I think the first Solitude might be my favorite epic poem.
Despite its very Spanish and Latin roots, I found myself thinking of the old Anglo-Saxon epics of wanderers and outcasts, which perhaps speaks to both the universality of the poem and my own background as an English-speaker. I read the first Solitude twice in a row in different translations just to experience the journey again.
The second Solitude , which I only read once in the Edith Grossman translation, was admittedly more abstract and slightly more difficult for all the allusions to myth. Footnotes are required for both Solitudes, but I also recommend reading through them once without consulting the footnotes, just for the pleasure of being lost -- sometimes literally, in the case of the second poem -- in the text.
This is required reading for lovers of the written word. Aug 13, E. An extremely difficult yet marvelous poem that rewards multiple re-readings. The poem's hyper-baroque syntax forces you to process its imagery in such a way that, in order to understand Gongora's meaning, you have to engage with his language in extremely unusual ways.
Ultimately, Gongora's syntax performs the process of poetic perception itself in all its chaotic excitement, and in doing so transforms his readers into visionary poets, exulted yet burdened with poetic inspiration and imagery.
The An extremely difficult yet marvelous poem that rewards multiple re-readings. The pilgrim is a prince who finds himself exiled after being rejected by his beloved. He lands on shore, finds a rural hut, observes a wedding ceremony along with a feast and games , joins fishermen, and observes the majesty of the local birdlife, all while trying to cope with the pain of being ignored by his beloved.
Aug 23, Sam rated it really liked it Shelves: fun-lit , poetry , spanish. Let me start off by saying that well before finishing even the first Soledad there are two , I knew I would have to go back and re-read these poems which I intend to do.
John Beverley's introduction and footnotes are incredibly helpful, and sometimes nearly fill up entire pages. Good job, Catedra. Also, the inclusion of a back-and-forth between a critic and Gongora is wonderful because we get an idea of how the poet viewed his own writing. I feel like I spent so much time trying to unravel thes Let me start off by saying that well before finishing even the first Soledad there are two , I knew I would have to go back and re-read these poems which I intend to do.
I feel like I spent so much time trying to unravel these poetic knots just to follow the plot that I couldn't fully appreciate the poet's art and skill. Hence the required re-reading. I think I will be able to give a better review after that. The second Soledad's closing image is incredible and probably my favorite part of either poem.
Adoro muchos de sus sonetos. Creo que estos tres textos son mis favoritos Shelves: partial-reads. Won't pretend I read this whole poem, start to finish -- but I did give it the old "college" try. His allusions to mythology, his descriptions of pastoral life and seaside scenes, they spoke to me. The spurned lover at the wedding… I wish that he had finished. Great metaphorical reflections coupled with an infusing of the quotidian world with mythological reference.
There's some great lines about owls too!!
Las Soledades de Luis de Gongora Argote