Ludwig Wittgenstein is one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century, and regarded by some as the most important since Immanuel Kant. His early work was influenced by that of Arthur Schopenhauer and, especially, by his teacher Bertrand Russell and by Gottlob Frege , who became something of a friend. This work culminated in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus , the only philosophy book that Wittgenstein published during his lifetime. It claimed to solve all the major problems of philosophy and was held in especially high esteem by the anti-metaphysical logical positivists. The Tractatus is based on the idea that philosophical problems arise from misunderstandings of the logic of language, and it tries to show what this logic is. This book helped to inspire so-called ordinary language philosophy.

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Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889—1951)

From to , Wittgenstein taught at the University of Cambridge. Philosophical Investigations appeared as a book in His teacher, Bertrand Russell , described Wittgenstein as "perhaps the most perfect example I have ever known of genius as traditionally conceived; passionate, profound, intense, and dominating". Born in Vienna into one of Europe's richest families, he inherited a fortune from his father in He initially made some donations to artists and writers, and then, in a period of severe personal depression after the First World War, he gave away his entire fortune to his brothers and sisters.


Ludvig Vitgenstajn





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